Last modified: 2014-06-09

#### Abstract

It is well known that roots are essential in plants life. They indeed insure essential functions as mechanical anchorage, water and nutrients uptake. However investigating root growth and development can be rather complex (in particular for trees) and modelling can be help-full not only as it helps formalizing knowledge but also designing new experiments and/or testing hypotheses. To this end, various models have been developed, most of them based on a complete and explicit representation of the root system, like Architectural or Functional-Structural Models. However, these models may be very complex, with many parameters to estimate. They may be also appropriate at the plant level, but not at the crop level, because of computational limitations. That is why density based models, which describe the evolution of root or apex densities through space and time, have been developed (see for instance [2, 3] and references therein). In [3], a minimal continuous model was proposed, and applied to simulate the growth of several root system types, e.g. Eucalyptus lateral roots, or maize root systems. This model, called C-Root, is based on an Advection-Diffusion-Reaction family-like equations, similar to those considered to study insect dispersal [1]. Each operator in the model is related to a root growth process, such as primary growth, branching and mortality. The aim of this talk will be to present the C-Root model and numerical simulations of root growth. We will also show parameters calibration is a difficult task and needs a particular attention. Finally, we will discuss on-going investigations to couple our model to water and soil nutrients models [4], and to take

into account roots competition.

References

[1] C. Dufourd, Y. Dumont, Impact of environmental factors on mosquito dispersal in the prospect of Sterile Insect Technique control, Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 66 (2013): 1695-1715.

[2] L. Dupuy, P.J. Gregory, A.G. Bengough, Root growth models: towards a new generation of continuous approaches, Journal of experimental botany 61 (2010) no8, 2131-2143

[3] A. Bonneu, Y. Dumont, H. Rey, C. Jourdan, T. Fourcaud, A minimal continuous model for simulating growth and development of plant root systems,Plant and Soil, 354 (1-2) (2012), 211-227.

[4] , M. A. Dzioba, J. C., Reginato, , D. A., Tarzia, Finite Differences and Integral Balance Methods Applied to Nutrient Uptake by Roots of Crops, Int. J. Comp. Meth. Eng. Science and Mech, 7 (1) (2006), 13-19.