Chalmers Conferences, LCM 2013

Antonio Dobon, Anne-Sophie Le Meur, Mercedes Hortal

Last modified: 2014-09-11


Bio-based plastics are gaining market share and forecasts shows that the
demand of these materials will rise up to 178% in Europe by 2015. In case
of biodegradable bio-based plastics there is an increasing concern about the
different end-of-life options, since there are still not specific routes and
these materials may affect other end-of-life schemes. Furthermore,
discussions on the end-of-life regulations of bio-based plastics in the EU are
becoming a matter of interest. Moreover the end-of-life LCA data about
most of the bio-based plastics is based on estimations and even unavailable,
being a challenge for LCA practitioners. This study explores the current
end-of-life routes on a life cycle perspective and provides proposals to
ensure a proper modeling for bio-based plastics.


bio-based plastics; LCA; end-of-life; modeling; uncertainty


Davis G., Song J.H. (2006) Ind Crop Prod 23: 147–161

Edwards C, Parker G. (2012) A LCA of oxo-biodegradable, compostable and conventional Bags. Intertek report

European Bioplastics (2013). Benefits of biobased rigid packaging. Fact sheet April 2013.

Guo M, Trzcinski AP, Stuckey DC, Murphy RJ. (2011) Bioresource Technol 102: 11137–11146

Guo M, Murphy RJ (2012) J Polym Environ 20: 976–990

Guo M, Stuckey DC, Murphy RJ (2013) Bioresource Technol 127: 256–266

Häkkinen T., Vares S. (2010) J Clean Prod 18: 1458-1463

Hansen TL, Bhander GS, Christensen TH, Bruun S, Jensen KS. (2006) Waste Manage Res 24(2):153-66.

Hermann B.G., Debeer L., De Wilde B., Blok K., Patel M.K. (2011) Polym Degrad Stabil 96 1159-1171

Gironi F, Piemonte V (2011) Energ Source Part A, 33:21, 1949-1959

Khoo HH, Tan RBH (2010) Int J Life Cycle Assess 15: 338–345
Leceta I, Guerrero P, Cabezudo S, de la Caba K. (2013) J Clean Prod 41: 312-318

Liptow C, Tillman AM (2012) J Ind Ecol 16 (3): 420–435
Madival S., Auras R., Singh SP., Narayan R. (2009) J Clean Prod 17, 1183–1194.

Nampoothiri KM, Nair NR, John RP (2010) Bioresource Technol 101: 8493-8501

Miller SA, Billington SL, Lepech MD. (2013) J Clean Prod 40: 190-198

Patel, M., et al (2005). Biopolymers Online DOI: 10.1002/3527600035.bpola014

Pawelzik P., et al (2013) Resour Conserv Recy 73 211– 228

Plastics Europe (2012). Bioplastics - 2012 update. (accessed April 2013)

Razza F, Fieschi M, Degli Innocenti F, Bastioli C (2009) Waste Manage 29: 1424–1433

Shah AA, Hasan F, Hameed A, Ahmed S. (2008) Biotechnol Adv 26, 246-265

Shen L, Haufe J, Patel MK (2009) (accessed March 2013)

Song JH, Murphy RJ, Narayan R, Davies GBH (2009) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 2009 364

Full Text: PDF