Chalmers Conferences, LCM 2013

Till Zimmermann

Last modified: 2014-09-11


Within this study, the flows of indium, gallium, cadmium and tellurium used in CIGS, CdTe and a-Si cells are analyzed looking at historic installations and potential future developments. Additionally to the material demand, secondary material flows arising at the cells’ end of life are quantified. The study shows that a significant growth in demand resulting from future photovoltaic installations is to be expected. Also, flows of secondary materials will develop to a significant scale showing the necessity of an efficient recycling infrastructure.


MFA; thin-film photovoltaic; secondary materials; material demand; recycling potential


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