Chalmers Conferences, LCM 2013

Marina Grinberg, Robert Ackermann, Matthias Finkbeiner

Last modified: 2014-09-11


The ecological scarcity method refers to Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) methods. The intent of the method is to evaluate different kinds of the environmental impact in the same units, eco-points. To do this it is necessary to have database of eco-factors (EF) values for the pollutant or resource consumption. Transformation rules advance the eco-factor calculation for different countries in the case if data for the direct calculation are missed. The paper provides results for definition of transformation rules between Switzerland, Japan, Germany and the Russian Federation, based on the example of chemical oxygen demand (COD).


life cycle impact assessment; ecological scarcity; transformation rule, chemical oxygen demand


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